Bulky Uterus - It's Symptoms, Causes and Treatment (2023)

The uterus is a small, muscular female reproductive organ which is responsible for keeping and nourishing the foetus until it is ready for birth.

The bulky uterus is a condition in which the uterus is bigger in size than it is supposed to be. This condition is not common, but it can be serious if not treated in time and can affect fertility in women.

Bulky Uterus - It's Symptoms, Causes and Treatment (1)

  • What Is Bulky Uterus?

  • Symptoms of Bulky Uterus

  • Causes of Bulky Uterus

  • Complications Produced in Bulky Uterus

  • Diagnosis of Bulky Uterus

  • Impact of Bulky Uterus on Female Fertility

  • Treatment Methods for ABulky Uterus

  • Conclusion

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A bulky uterus is the generalised swelling of the uterine wall. This means the uterine size is above the normal size of auterus. Awoman’s uterus is responsible for holding the foetus and providing nourishment until the baby is born. It is shaped like an upside-down pear and is roughly the size of afist. The normal dimensions of the uterus are around 3 to 4 inches by 2.5 inches. The uterus can enlarge in some conditions, including pregnancy. Enlargement of the uterus during pregnancy is anormal thing (growing the uterus in size allows the foetus to get space and grow inside).

If the uterus enlarges because of reasons other than pregnancy, it is aserious condition and needs medical attention. Afemale can feel some heaviness in her lower abdomen, and the condition can also lead to extreme pain and bleeding.


There are several causes of the bulky uterus, and the symptoms may differ based on the cause of it. The common symptoms are as following:

  • Abnormalities in the menstrual cycle

  • Heavy bleeding and cramping in the pelvic region

  • Swelling and cramping in the legs

  • Pressure on the uterus and the surrounding region

  • Backaches

  • Bleeding after menopause

  • Vaginal discharge

  • Frequent and quick urge to urinate

  • Pain during sexual intercourse

  • Excessive bleeding during periods which may cause Anaemia

  • Gaining weight around the lower abdomen

  • Gaining mass over the lower abdomen

  • Acne

  • Excessive hair growth

  • Tenderness in breasts

  • Constipation

  • Paleness of the skin and general weakness

Read More: Bulky Uterus in Hindi


It can be found in reproductive age group women. The most common noticeable symptoms are a heaviness in the pelvic region and abulky mass in the lower abdomen. Still, it may go unnoticed for along time as adiagnosis of the enlarged uterus is not expected most of the time. Routine check-ups by agynaecologist can help to track down the problem in time.

There are several factors which can cause the uterus to enlarge. The most common and known causes are:


The most common reason for the uterus to enlarge is pregnancy. The uterus houses the foetus and is the place where the embryo gets nutrition until it grows on to become achild. As the foetus grows, the uterus also enlarges. From the size of afist, the uterus can grow to the size of awatermelon.

Adenomyosis is the diffuse thickening of the uterus that happens when the endometrium, i.e. the tissue coating the uterus, moves into the external muscle mass of the uterus. It is anoncancerous condition that has similar symptoms as that of fibroids. When the condition is localised (affecting asmaller region), it is termed as adenomyoma. Upon examination, the adenomyoma feels like afibroid, and it might even be mistaken for one on an ultrasound. The symptoms include heavy menstrual bleeding causing pain and cramping, which eventually gets worse. Women with adenomyosis can have auterus that is double or even triples its ordinary size.

This condition is found in females who are above the age of 30 and particularly in them who have had a previous uterine medical procedure or have given birth to ababy through C-section. The exact reason for the condition is not exactly known; however, adenomyosis is associated with increased levels of oestrogen. Most women see adecline in the symptoms after menopause because, at that point, the oestrogen level starts decreasing.

One of the most commonly known reasons behind abulky uterus is fibroids. Fibroids are non-cancerous tumours that are like little lumps or bulges that can weigh up to afew pounds. They are found along the lining of the uterus and are very common in women between the ages of thirty and forty. Afew fibroids may not bring about any detectable harmful effects. Others can develop so big that they might weigh afew pounds and can extend the uterus to such adegree that the woman may look afew months pregnant. Hormonal changes or genetic disorders may add to the growth of these tumours.

Fibroids might be asymptomatic or may cause heavy and painful menstrual cycles. Fibroids likewise put weight on the bladder and the rectum, causing afrequent urge to urinate. Fibroids can cause excruciating periods, heavy bleeding in periods, pain in the lower back and discomfort during sexual intercourse.

In areport in Obstetrics and Gynaecology Clinics of North America, fibroids were found in up to 10 percent of women with stated infertility. Also, up to 40 percent of pregnant women with fibroids encountered several difficulties in their pregnancy, for example, requiring acaesarean delivery, experiencing premature labour pains, or encountering heavy bleeding after the delivery.


Perimenopause is referred to as the stage before menopause. Fluctuating hormone levels during this stage may cause the uterus to enlarge. These cases are temporary, and the uterus returns to the normal size once the woman has attained menopause. However, sometimes, it might not return to its normal size and cause further problems. So, it is advisable to get it checked by agynaecologist as soon as you face such acondition.


Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome or PCOS is amedical condition that can make the uterus grow. It is the aftereffect of hormonal imbalance that leads to abnormal menstruation cycle and the shedding of the endometrial lining. The endometrial lining is commonly shed during the menstrual cycle, but in few women, the uterine lining is not shed leading to enlarged uterus. As per the reports by WHO, it affects around 10% of women of childbearing age.


Ovarian cysts are either solid or fluid-filled sacs that develop on the surface of an ovary or inside it. Ovarian cysts are usually asymptomatic and go on their own. However, in some cases, these structures can bring about various health complications, including the enlargement of the uterus. Other than that, it can cause inflammation, excessive bleeding during periods, pain in the back, and difficulty while passing urine.


Uterine cancers can cause the uterus to enlarge, thus resulting in abulky uterus. Generally, this problem happens in females 50 years or above in age, as found in areport by the USA’s National Cancer Institute (NCI). Usually, it is caught rapidly in the beginning stages, as abulky uterus is one of the symptoms of endometrial cancer. Other than that, it can cause frequent and irregular vaginal bleeding. Women should promptly visit adoctor to identify the problem before it grows into untreatable cancer.


The reasons for uterine growth may prompt health issues if the symptoms of the condition are ignored or are left untreated. Abulky uterus doesn’t usually cause any health complexities, but the conditions because of which it happens can. The two most regular reasons for abulky uterus, fibroids and adenomyosis, are seldom fatal, and may adversely affect the overall health. Following are some possible complications that may arise:

  • Pain and pressure in the pelvic region: The expanded size of the uterus can put weight on the tissues and organs in its vicinity. It may likewise prompt obstruction, frequent urination, incontinence, swelling and gas, or cramps in the pelvic region.

  • Infertility: Fibroids and adenomyosis may likewise cause an increased rate of pregnancy failure or miscarriage. If any of these are present in afemale, the woman can have difficulties in carrying achild to afull term and may require restorative medical procedure before delivery.

  • Prolapse: This is acondition in which the uterus expands out through the birth canal and distends outside the body. It happens because the pelvic floor muscles get weak. In such asituation, having multiple births is also very dangerous, however in rare cases, fibroids might be the reason.

  • Excessive Bleeding: Bulky uterus caused due to fibroids and adenomyosis can cause heavy menstrual bleeding.

  • Infection: Due to uterine inflammation, some women may also experience vaginal infections or infections in some other part of the reproductive system.


The symptoms of abulky uterus are commonly first felt by the woman herself, which calls for avisit to the gynaecologist. Moreover, during aroutine pelvic examination, adoctor may recognize abulky uterus. It can also be detected if your specialist is treating you for adifferent problem, like irregular menstruation cycles.

When it has been picked up by your gynaecologist, she will ensure that it hasn’t grown because of any malignant condition or pregnancy. Apregnancy test is done to rule out pregnancy and imaging tests, for example, an ultrasound, an MRI or aCT scan are done to look for any complications in the uterus.

Bulky Uterus - It's Symptoms, Causes and Treatment (2)


It is majorly diagnosed in Infertile women since many women nowadays delay in planning their first pregnancy until they are in their mid-30’s or early 40’s. Bulky uterus caused due to adenomyosis, or any other reason has anegative impact on female fertility.

Presence of Adenomyosis impairs fertility by affecting the uro-tubal transport and by altering the endometrial function and receptivity hence reducing implantation and pregnancy rate in women undergoing IVF. So, it is advisable to consult an Infertility Specialists if the cause of infertility is due to adenomyosis. Aspecialist will first treat you to reduce your symptoms, thus increasing your chances of becoming pregnant. Some women conceive afew months after undergoing hormonal therapy. If pregnancy does not occur, then surgery might be recommended.


Some reasons behind abulky uterus don’t usually require treatment. However, many might require medicine to help with the pain. Contraceptive pills and intrauterine devices (IUDs) containing progesterone can facilitate the manifestations of heavy bleeding in periods. In afew extreme cases, women may require ahysterectomy, which is the complete removal or part of the uterus from the body. The treatment depends on the cause of the condition. Some of the treatment options are:

  • For Adenomyosis: Drugs like ibuprofen and combined hormonal (oestrogen-progesterone) contraception pills can help soothe the pain and excessive bleeding related to adenomyosis. In some complicated cases, your specialist may prescribe ahysterectomy.

  • For Fibroids: Fibroids that are large and expand the uterus will presumably require some restorative treatment. Your specialist may recommend contraception pills that contain oestrogen and progesterone or an IUD. These pills may stop the development of the fibroids and reduce the bleeding during periods.

Bulky Uterus - It's Symptoms, Causes and Treatment (3)

Uterine artery embolization is another treatment method used to solve the problem of fibroids. The principle behind it is to inject small particles into the uterine arteries with the help of athin tube. This cuts of the blood supply to fibroids and they thus shrink and eventually die.

Sometimes, you may require amedical procedure, asurgery. Myomectomy is done to remove the fibroids. Based on the size and position of the fibroids, myomectomy can be done using the traditional surgical method or through alaparoscopy.

In more severe cases where fibroids cannot be removed by surgery, the uterus is completely removed from the body, which is called Hysterectomy. It is usually performed on women who are entering or have entered menopause or don’t want to have any children in the future or who have an extreme condition of fibroids. It is apermanent procedure hence done after complete counselling because once the uterus is out, there is no way back.

For planning pregnancy, you can check your most fertile days with the help of the Ovulation Calculator , which will help you predict your fertile window. However, fertile windows differ from woman to woman, and hence you should consult your nearest IVF clinic in Delhi to learn more about your fertility.


It is vital for women to have routine pelvic exams with agynaecologist to identify any issues early and save yourself from any future problems. Several reasons for abulky uterus aren’t very serious, yet they can be discomforting and ought to be considered. The symptoms of abulky uterus can negatively affect awoman’s life and might be the reason you have severe pelvic pain or having difficulty in getting pregnant. If you feel an irregular, severe, or prolonged problems like cramping, vaginal bleeding, heaviness or swelling in your pelvic region, afrequent urge to urinate and pelvic pain, you should see agynaecologist at the earliest. An early diagnosis will prompt aquicker treatment.

You can contactMedicover Fertility, where you will get the best advice from experienced Infertility Specialists who will suggest the best possible treatment for abulky uterus. If you are unable to get pregnant after several attempts, you should consult us and find asolution to your problem.

Related questions:

Q1) I have large Uterine Fibroids. Is It possible to have a non-operative procedure? Kindly let me know.

A) You have to do certain tests like ultrasound and MRI to be sure, and then only adecision can be taken by the gynaecologist whether to go for medicine or an operation.

Q2) Is Adenomyosis a tumor?

A) Adenomyoma is usually benign but can often be found in aprogressing condition. It is said that adenomyosis does not have a risk of developing into cancer; it is akind of endometriosis that occurs inside the uterine muscle wall.

Q3) As per my scan reports, my uterus is bulky. What treatment plan should I follow?

A) Scans that suggests abulky uterus must be confirmed with clinical findings and patient’s history and the cause of the condition should be known. Then only adecision can be taken.

Q4) Can a bulky uterus cause pregnancy complications?

A) Abulky or enlarged uterus doesn’t usually produce any health complications, but the conditions that have resulted in bulky uterus can. For example, if it is due to uterine tumours, then they can cause pregnancy complications and even complications during childbirth.

Q5) Is bulky uterus dangerous?

A) There are many reasons behind the enlargement of Uterus. like fibroids or tumours. But a bulky uterus is usually not a cause of concern if the cause has been detected by CT scan or sonogram.

Q6) What is the treatment of bulky uterus?

A) The treatment basically depends on the causes of the bulky uterus. from surgery to the removal of fibroids, or endometrial ablation are some of the treatments.


1) https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5049976/
2) https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3304266/
3) https://www.belmarrahealth.com/enlarged-uterus-causes-symptoms-treatment-tips/


Bulky Uterus - It's Symptoms, Causes and Treatment? ›

Several common conditions can cause a bulky uterus. These include fibroids, ovarian cysts, adenomyosis, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), menopause and endometrial cancer. Fibroids, which are non-cancerous, are the most common cause. They are small lumps which develop along the uterus walls.

How can I treat an enlarged uterus at home? ›

Try these tips:
  1. Avoid added salt. ...
  2. Limit high-sodium processed and packaged foods.
  3. Check your blood pressure daily with a home monitor.
  4. Exercise regularly.
  5. Lose weight, especially around the waist.
  6. Avoid or limit alcohol.
  7. Increase potassium by eating a majority of plants at each meal.

Should I be worried about a bulky uterus? ›

A) A bulky or enlarged uterus doesn't usually produce any health complications, but the conditions that have resulted in bulky uterus can. For example, if it is due to uterine tumours, then they can cause pregnancy complications and even complications during childbirth.

How do you treat a bulky uterus with thickened endometrium? ›

Endometrial hyperplasia thickens your uterine lining, causing heavy or abnormal bleeding. Atypical endometrial hyperplasia raises your risk of endometrial cancer and uterine cancer. The condition tends to occur during or after menopause. Progestin therapy can reduce your symptoms.

What is the treatment of bulky uterus? ›

Usually, the treatment of bulky uterus depends on the underlying cause. If the cause is uterine fibroids, there are several medication options that can help to shrink the fibroids and relieve symptoms. If the cause is adenomyosis, surgery may be necessary to remove the adenomyotic tissue and relieve symptoms.

What happens if you have bulky uterus? ›

A bulky uterus can be asymptomatic, but it also causes symptoms when it enlarges. These can result in causing pressure symptoms, a feeling of heaviness, exert pressure over the urinary bladder and cause frequent urination and sometimes even let others face difficulty in urinating.

Why does my uterus get bulky? ›

Two of the most common causes of an enlarged uterus are uterine fibroids and adenomyosis. Uterine fibroids. Uterine fibroids are common noncancerous tumors of the muscular wall of the uterus, affecting as many as eight in 10 women by the age of 50. Fibroids more commonly affect women over age 30.

Does enlarged uterus cause big belly? ›

As the result of an enlarged uterus, some women experience weight gain, a bloated belly, a feeling of fullness in the lower abdomen, or heavy bleeding.

Can a bulky uterus cause weight gain? ›

An enlarged uterus will cause you to feel bloated, full, or have sudden weight gain. Women with an enlarged uterus due to fibroids often notice something is wrong when their pants don't fit the same way anymore. They may also see a noticeable fullness in the lower abdomen area.

Can stress cause bulky uterus? ›

Become too stressed, and the spike in your hormone levels could encourage fibroid growth. Leading a stress-free life may not prevent you from developing uterine fibroids. It is estimated that 70 to 80 percent of all women develop these noncancerous growths between 35 and 54, with or without stress as a factor.

How big is a bulky uterus? ›

The finding of the glandular material in the uterine wall may cause the uterus to become enlarged (called hypertrophy) and sometimes doctors use the term 'bulky uterus'. This simply means that the uterus (usually about 8 x 5 x 4 cm in dimension) is larger than 12 cm in length and more than 6 cm thick.

How can I reduce the thickness of my uterus? ›

In many cases, endometrial hyperplasia can be treated with progestin. Progestin is given orally, in a shot, in an intrauterine device (IUD), or as a vaginal cream. How much and how long you take it depends on your age and the type of hyperplasia. Treatment with progestin may cause vaginal bleeding like a period.

What causes bulky uterus with thickened endometrium? ›

Endometrial hyperplasia is caused by too much estrogen and/or not enough progesterone. Both hormones play a role in the menstrual cycle. Estrogen makes the cells grow, while progesterone signals the shedding of the cells. A hormonal imbalance can produce too many cells or abnormal cells.

What foods should I avoid if I have a bulky uterus? ›

Don't eat a diet full of processed foods, red meats, and high-fat dairy. Studies show that eating these foods can make your fibroids worse. The same goes for alcohol and caffeine.

Does bulky uterus mean fibroid? ›

Fibroids range in size from seedlings, undetectable by the human eye, to bulky masses that can distort and enlarge the uterus. You can have a single fibroid or multiple ones. In extreme cases, multiple fibroids can expand the uterus so much that it reaches the rib cage and can add weight.

What is the name of bulky uterus? ›

Adenomyosis occurs when tissue from the lining of your uterus grows into your uterine wall. It can cause your uterus to double or triple in size. Symptoms include heavy periods, cramping and painful sex. It's typically treated with medication or surgery.

How can I shrink my enlarged uterus? ›

If symptoms are severe, treatment may involve a procedure called uterine artery embolization to cut off the blood supply to the fibroids so that they shrink and eventually die, or surgery to remove the fibroids (myomectomy) or the entire uterus (hysterectomy). Other treatments include endometrial ablation.

What can you do for an inflamed uterus? ›

Endometritis is inflammation of the lining of your uterus (endometrium) caused by infection. Your healthcare provider can treat it with antibiotics.

How can I reduce the thickness of my uterus naturally? ›

Reducing alcohol, caffeine, and foods high in sugar may also be beneficial. These substances are inflammatory and reduce blood flow. Exercise may be beneficial in increasing blood flow to the uterine lining. It may also help decrease stress and pain from endometrial hyperplasia.


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